Tuesday, October 25th, 2016

Professional reviews on why you should hire professional proofreading companies

infographic. Polishedpaper

Professional copy editors provide a critical review of a document to improve the quality of the content and resolve all linguistic issues. This is called content optimization. Copy editors typically focus on certain specific areas and offer the special insight they have derived from experience and proficiency with the English language. Copy editors will change the level of editing they do if a client requests less than they would usually provide. For example, a client might simply want the copy editor to check spelling and consistency. They will also do their best to accommodate clients with requests outside their normal purview. Get more information: https://polishedpaper.com/our-editors

Monday, December 21st, 2015

Professional Editor’s Corner: Canadian Spelling and Hyphenation

Billions of people around the world speak English. You’d think that this would facilitate communication, and it does. For the most part. Unfortunately, we have four major types of English (American, Australian, British, and Canadian), and when it comes to idioms and written communication, they differ somewhat.

Here I will begin guiding you through the major aspects of Canadian English. Let’s start with spelling.

Canadian English uses a combination of American and British spelling rules.

1. Use the American form for ise/ize verbs and related nouns

civilize, commercialize, idealize, lionize, minimize, normalize, optimize, organize, patronize, recognize

2. Use the British form for nouns ending in –or/–our

ardour, colour, endeavour, favour, flavour, honour, humour, labour, misdemeanour, neighbour, odour

3. Use the British form for nouns ending in –re/–er

calibre, centre, epicentre, kilometre, sceptre, theatre

4. Use the British form for verbs ending in –l/–ll

enrol – enrolment, fulfil – fulfilment, instil

5. Use the British form for nouns ending in –ce/–se

defence, licence, offence, pretence

6. Use the British form of verbs (past tense) ending in –l

cancelled, carolled, counselled, grovelled, modelled, labelled, marshalled, quarrelled, signalled, travelled

7. Use the American form when choosing between ae/oe and e

archeology, anemia, cesarean, chimera, diarrhea, ecumenical, encyclopedia, eon, medieval, primeval

Exceptions: aesthetic and onomatopoeia

For words not covered by the above general rules, consult the Oxford Canadian Dictionary online (free for spelling) or the Gage Canadian Dictionary.

Canadian Hyphenation

Canadian hyphenation follows American English for the most part (see the Chicago Manual of Style for more details), but we do see a couple of major differences.

1. Adjective + participle (–ing or –ed)

In American English, we hyphenate these compounds before nouns BUT NOT after.

The researcher asked 20 open-ended questions.


When questions are open ended, participants have greater freedom to share their experiences.

In Canadian English, we ALWAYS use hyphens for such compounds, no matter where they appear in the sentence.

My sister is a hard-working person. I wish I could be more hard-working.

2. Adjective + gerund*

In American English, we don’t pay attention to whether an adjective-gerund compound takes an object.

We simply hyphenate when such compounds precede nouns (that they describe) and omit the hyphen when they do not.

Dry cleaning involves harsh chemicals.

The dry-cleaning process is complicated.

Canadian English follows the above convention, but makes a distinction for when the compound takes an object.

Dry-cleaning 20 shirts (AN OBJECT) in an hour is hard.

Dry cleaning is not something I want to learn.

*Remember: A gerund is an –ing word (looks like a verb) that acts like a noun (we use gerunds anywhere we could use a regular noun). For example: Swimming (a gerund) is fun!

Now that you have some basics under your belt, go out there and try your Canadian!

Know more: https://polishedpaper.com/essays

Wednesday, December 9th, 2015

Professional Editor’s Corner: Canadian Commas

I covered Canadian spelling and hyphenation in a previous blog. Up next is the comma. I will include all the major rules, even those we also use in American English, but I will make a note when they differ.

Let’s start with the heavy lifting.

When DO we use commas?

1. Introductory elements DO NOT REQUIRE a comma if they are fairly short EXCEPT when they include “now,” “then,” or “still” to prevent confusion about order.

Also DO use a comma to separate an introductory word or phrase from the rest of the sentence if the word or phrase represents a transition or a personal comment.

I admire the actress’s ability to emote and stage presence. Nevertheless, I’m not so fond of her singing voice.

Of course, the company cut overhead by scheduling employees 37.5 hours per week (rather than 40) to reduce the number of technically full-time staff members.

Generally speaking, Canadians use fewer commas for introductory elements (more information below, in the “do not” section).

2. DO use them for introductory adjectives or participial adjectives describing the subject.

I covered participial adjectives in a previous post. They are participles—present (e.g., running) or past (e.g., exhausted)—or participial phrases at the beginning of a sentence that describe the subject.

Unprepared for the exam, Sheila skipped math class.

3. DO use them for absolute phrases offering additional information.

I covered absolute phrases in a previous post (a noun and a participle or a noun and the perfect tense of the past participle).

Her dance routine memorized, Sarah walked confidently into the club.

The duet having been sung, Marsha and Todd left the stage.

4. DO use them for parenthetical phrases.

Parenthetical phrases are phrases that we could place in parentheses because they are not essential to the sentence. They contribute additional information.

The new Angelina Jolie vehicle, despite causing a strong vocal outcry from a handful of people, pleased most audiences.

5. DO use them for appositives.

An appositive is a fancy word referring to a word or phrase that REDEFINES an already defined subject.

Kurt Hummel, my favorite Glee character, invented divatude.

6. DO use them for phrases beginning with “that is,” “namely,” or “for example” (before AND after).

I love romantic movies, for example, Moulin Rouge and The Notebook.

7. DO use them when addressing a person or when using exclamations and interjections.

Readers, this section is perhaps the most important.

8. DO use one before etc.

Cats sleep, play with yarn, etc.

9. DO use them when separating contrasting clauses.

His assessment of my ability was harsh, but accurate.

I kept telling myself I would get over being kicked out of art school, but deep down I knew I never would.

10. DO use them for clarity.

In all, his ideas were uninspiring.

We need a comma after “all,” or we may wrongly believe his ideas are part of the introductory element (“in all”).

11. DO use one following a complete date (written American style) no matter where it appears in the sentence.

July, 11, 2008, is my anniversary.

If the date is British style, you do NOT need a comma.

Did you know that 11 July 2008 is my anniversary?

12. DO use one following a complete place name (city and state) no matter where it appears in the sentence.

Toronto, Ontario, is a nice place to visit.

Now the shorter list.

When DO WE NOT use commas?

1. DO NOT use commas after introductory adverbs and short phrases indicating time, frequency, location, or cause unless necessary to avoid confusion or add emphasis.

I can’t stress this enough—in Canadian English, less is more. Only use commas for introductory elements when absolutely necessary (when the phrase is VERY long, or readers won’t be able to understand where the phrase ends and the sentence begins otherwise).

By next week we will have finished the report.

2. e.g. (means “for example”) and i.e. (means “that is”) should be PRECEDED but NOT FOLLOWED by a comma.


American English requires two commas. Additionally, American English usually places these in parentheses AND uses a following comma.

I love punk rock bands (e.g., Operation Ivy, The Pixies, and Crass).

If you don’t want to use parentheses in American English, use “for example” and two commas.

I love punk rock bands, for example, Operation Ivy, The Pixies, and Crass.

3. DO NOT use a comma before the final element in a series unless needed for clarity (this final comma is also called the Oxford comma).

This is more Canadian than American. Some American writers follow this rule, but most don’t, and editors won’t (not if you select American English, unless you specifically ask).


The final rule I want to share belongs on its own list it’s so strange (for American English speakers).

Canadian English ALLOWS a comma splice in some situations.

You heard it. A COMMA SPLICE!

If we have two clauses that can stand alone, which we would normally separate with a semi-colon, we CAN (IN CANADIAN ENGLISH) use A COMMA instead if they are SHORT and PARALLEL.

I’ll talk, you listen.

I think, therefore I am.

If you think that’s strange, just you wait for what’s next!

Know more: https://polishedpaper.com/essays

Friday, September 4th, 2015

Proofreading or Editing? What do I need?

The need to write accompanies every individual throughout his or her life in one form or another. In this academic era, individuals have to write a variety of essays, theses, journal articles, dissertations, and more to reflect their creative ability and writing skills. As time passes and we move from academic to professional endeavors, the need to write stays with us. Except instead of writing essays and dissertations, we write reports, letters, tech manuals, etc. It requires large amount of skill and creativity to ensure outstanding writing

Looking at the increased importance of creative writing in regular life, new trends have emerged related to professional and academic proofreading and editing. The editing and proofreading field has developed into an outstanding profession for providing effective solutions for document preparation. Various professional proofreading and editing providers are available that offer endless support to their clients. Highly customized and effective solutions from proofreading editing services by Polished Paper have been made available for its clients to ensure complete accuracy in all writing.

People tend to confuse proofreading and editing, believing them to be synonymous. However, in reality, they are different. Each serves a different purpose and works on a different depth. This diminutive difference has been observed by the expert professionals of Polished Paper. The proofreading and editing services by Polished Paper do BOTH editing and proofreading.

Proofreading, being a crucial stage of writing, involves acute analysis of the entire document. Its role is equivalent to the conceptualization and publication of writing. Readers generally seethe minute details of a document, making errors stand out. To ensure effective relief from such mistakes, people generally prefer to consult a professional editor for proofreading and editing. However, people are generally unable to decide which service to choose for their needs.

Which service to select and when?

The type of and purpose for writing continuously changes, and people can effectively decide to choose the most appropriate service to meet their needs. Depending on the quality of the submitted content, these two services have their own significant importance. Proofreading involves the correction of errors related to grammar, spelling, punctuation, formatting, and syntax.

However, the editing process involves an acute analysis of the entire content with a keen observant eye. Editing looks after the complete presentation of ideas and information in the writing and its structure. The main objective of editing is to ensure the content is effective and easily understood.
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Thursday, June 25th, 2015

How to Revise or Edit Your Essay?

Essays are lengthy pieces based on facts or creativity. The length of an essay often dictates its level of difficulty.Editing such a literary work thus becomes another responsibility, increasing the difficulty level of the project. It is difficult in that the essay-writing process becomes more time consuming and tedious.

Accordingly, many students look for online editing services for their essays. There are many websites that provide these services. The best thing about revising & editing services by Polished Paper is the quality they provide. There is no compromise given on the quality of the work they do. Also, if a student hires revising & editing services by Polished Paper, he or she is sure to get his or her essay edited and returned on time.

Procedure of revision or editing:

Revision and editing is not an easy job because it requires a person to re-read and cross-check the essay. The procedure of this revising/ editing process is mentioned below.

  • Rest: It is very important to take a break from writing before starting the editing process. The editing process requires a lot of effort, as it focuses on minor details. Thus, a fresh mind is required for this work. Resting for a while will reduce the thoughts that have been lingering in your brain.
  • Large scale revision: This process of revision involves reading the essay broadly in order to identify and correct logical and structural errors. The errors can be in the form of arguments and/or the structure of an essay. For example, if a conclusion is given in the middle of the essay, the line should be moved to the end.
  • Small scale revision: This step involves looking at a particular part of the essay. For example, if the introductory paragraph seems inappropriate alterations will be made to the wording and structure to make it appropriate. Small scale revision focuses on logic and argument errors in an essay.
  • Editing: Editing is similar to revising, but it deals with minor additions or omissions. It is basically done to increase the readability of the essay so that the reader finds the essay easy to read.
  • Proofreading: The last step, proofreading, deals with removing errors in spelling, grammar,word choice, or format.

Thursday, April 23rd, 2015

How to Find Affordable Editing Services Online?

Finding quality services online is not very difficult. Online businesses are booming, and everything is available online. Yet finding affordable editing services online is difficult because most online editing services providers charge a lot. Editing services include revising and proofreading written documents to polish them and remove errors.

To find quality affordable editing services, a person must be prepared to browse many websites. There are many companies that provide such online services and thus a large amount of options are available. Selecting the best quality affordable editing services is a personal choice that is influenced by many points.

When looking online for affordable editing services,do not compromise on quality. There are many websites which provide good quality editing services at affordable.

Parameters for finding good and affordable services:
There are many factors that will reflect the accuracy of a service:

• Look for testimonials: A good and popular online service will provide testimonials of the work it has done. Customer satisfaction reports should show good quality and affordability.
• Check authenticity: It is important to check for the authenticity of the website to avoid fraud. Call the number they have provided and look online for reviews regarding the website.
• Check punctuality: A good service should be able to provide the edited work on time. Affordable services are available, but lower price should not equal extremely long turn around times. Check the turnaround times offered by the company.
• Look for customer management: An affordable and quality editing service will have a customer management system and will ask for your feedback. Most online companies today maintain them.
• Look for packages: A good way of finding affordable services is to book a package of services. If a person gets a large amount of subjective writing work, he has the option to book a package that will cost him less in the long-term.
• Look for discounts: Most online services may provide customers with discounts. It is best to get services from websites that provide discounts to the customers.

Finding an affordable editing service online is not difficult and entirely depends on the students’ search. Be careful while selecting and do not compromise on quality.

Tuesday, April 14th, 2015

Things to Know When Hiring a Dissertation Editing Service

Students who have gone to extreme lengths to compile a dissertation naturally want it to be perfect in all respects. Many students know that though the topic is solid, the language could do with some refinement. This is why students in the know turn to dissertation editing services. First, it is important to ascertain which dissertation editing service to trust.

The following is a four-point dissertation editing services selection plan:

• Editing does not simply mean checking for grammar, syntax, and punctuation. Genuine editing can only be done by language experts who also have an understanding of the topic of the paper they are editing. Their knowledge of the topic helps them refine a paragraph and bring out the writer’s intended meaning.

• Language and topic clarity are not everything in dissertations. Papers must also conform to the style specified by the institution, and an editing agency must have full knowledge of all prevailing styles.

• Can they deliver in time without compromising quality? Professional agencies specializing in editing dissertations employ not one or two but an entire team to assure turnaround within specified time limits.

• Confidentiality is just as important as competence. Students who have gone to extraordinary lengths to write an original scholarly work must work assign that only to an agency they can trust.

If there is one service you can trust, it is dissertation editing services by Polished Paper, an agency that matches all of the above requirements and delivers services with more than a smile.

Blog source: http://polishedpaper.livejournal.com/4032.html

Wednesday, January 28th, 2015

Ligatures: A Guide to Their Proper and Improper Use

Have you ever noticed the weird little-character in the word Encyclopaedia? The combination of “a” and “e” is called ligature. In writing, including fiction and typography, a ligature is a 2 or more graphemes that are mixed together to make one glyph. A ligature is a character that is created by combining different characters.

Ligature comes from the Latin word “ligatus,” which means tying or binding, but history can find ligatures as far back as the earliest forms of writing. Sumerian Cuneiform, for example, uses a lot of ligatures. They’re also featured in a number of historic scripts because scribes used them often to increase their writing speed. Considering that ancient scribes wrote everything by hand, ligatures were natural and simple progression in writing and language.

The use of such characters became more popular during the fifteenth century with the introduction of the printing press, which utilized blocks of metal letters to print documents. Ligatures were ideal for press printing because they save time and space. They started falling out of usage in the 1950s because of widespread use of sans serif fonts, which having very little room for overlapping, and increased use of typewriters. With modern day printing and desktop publishing, ligatures are used very rarely.
Proper usage

Ligatures can be employed for stylistic purposes as well. If you are using a specific style guide, you might wish to check its recommendations. The Chicago Manual of Style, for instance, advises not to use ligatures in Greek or Latin words transliterated into a foreign language that have also been adopted in English and thus are present in English dictionaries. It recommends using ligatures in older English, where they are the most commonly used characters.

You will notice in Chicago Manual of Style that some of the characters are ligature as well as distinct letter on the basis of their usage. The origin of these letters as ligatures in Latin, in languages like Norwegian and Danish is letter.

The most commonly employed ligatures include the letter “f” combined with an adjoining letter, with “fi,” “ff,” and “fl” being used most frequently. Even though most do not consider the ampersand (&) to be a ligature, it was created originally as ligature of the letters “t” and“e,” forming word “et,” which is the Latin word for “and.”

Usage of ligatures for style purpose

While ligatures appear to be relics from the past, there’s a present day movement to revive them amongst essay editors. If you also like them, and if your style permits them, you can freely use them in writing. If you are not sure you have used them correctly, you can always get help from professional essay editors.

Monday, January 19th, 2015

How to Find Resume Editing Service and Improve Chances of Getting That Elusive Interview

The trouble with jobs is that they are not permanent. Employees can be laid off. Smart employees do not stagnate in one job. For them, one job is a stepping stone to another, better paying one. They build a resume and depend on it to get interviews where they will hopefully convince a prospective employer to hire them at a higher salary.

Anyone who is out hunting for a job knows that prospective employers ask applicants to send in an application along with a resume. The resume is scrutinized and used to decide whether to call the candidate for an interview or dump the application into the trash bin. Clever candidates tailor a resume to a specific company, emphasizing certain points and downplaying others that are not important to the prospective employer. The content is also important. Language, grammar, punctuation, and formatting also pay an equally important role. If a candidate is highly qualified but lacks language and communication skills, it would be to his/her benefit to find an editor to give his/her resume the professional polish that will earn an interview. Finding a resume editing service, for candidates with less than perfect language skills, can be quite a difficult process, and they may end up paying more for low quality services, gaining nothing in the bargain.

Before assigning the resume editing task to a professional service, it is in the interests of the prospective job seeker to assess the company before hire. Some so-called “professionals” simply apply that label in order to charge higher rates without the corresponding quality editing services to back it up. An evaluation is necessary. The following can help seekers with their evaluation process:

• Will the agency assign the resume editing task to a highly-qualified native English-language editor?
• Does it have a money back policy?
• Does it have hidden charges or use confusing per-page pricing, which is dependent on the ever-changing definition of a page.
• Does it have live customer service hours?

The answers will be revealing. One of the finest resume editing services out there, serving candidates in the UK, USA, Canada, South Africa, and Australia, is polishedpaper.com. It is worth giving them a try.

Wednesday, September 24th, 2014

Online paper editing: how to select the best service provider

Editing is a specialized service. Clearly not all providers of editing services are of the same calibre. If you seek the best online editing service provider for the review and revision of your writing, you need to wade through the myriad options. Now you might be wondering how you can locate the best service provider for your assignment. You can use the below checklist as a way to filter out the unqualified.

Check the professional track record

Try to find an agency that is an expert in online paper editing. The agency should have at least 1-2years’ experience in serving clients and, in that time, earned great credibility. Also do not forget to check whether the agency you have shortlisted offers services that fall into the appropriate niche.

Check client reviews

To find the best editing agency, you need to find the service provider that is most particular about client satisfaction. Before purchasing the agency’s services, you need to check if the existing customers of this agency are happy with the service provided. The best-case scenario is finding an agency for which customers have posted positive reviews on the official website.

Check for turnaround times

Check the turnaround times the agency offers. A professional agency will offer a wide variety of turnaround times, with many options for fewer than 24 hours.

Ask for a sample edit

Ask the agency you have shortlisted to do a sample edit for you. If you feel happy with the quality of the online paper editing, you can be sure that you have selected a high-quality service provider.

Before submitting orders, check the agency’s rates. If you feel the rates reflect the quality of the service, your search is over. You have selected the best service provider for online paper editing.

If you are looking for online paper editing services, you should contact polishedpaper.com. The editors there offer quality editing at an affordable price.

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